CLICK HERE if you are having a problem viewing the photos on a mobile deviceNick Mullens’ triumphant debut still has people talking, specifically fellow Southern Miss product Brett Favre.“I’m not surprised one bit. The kid is legit and can make all the throw,” Favre said Monday on SiriusXM NFL radio.How legit is Mullens, who passed for 242 yards and three touchdowns in a 34-3 rout Thursday night against the Raiders? Favre went so far as to invoke a comparison to Tom Brady, if …
As if Velociraptor, the terror of Jurassic Park, was not scary enough, some scientists are now saying it was feathered. (This, of course, does not imply it could fly after its human prey like some movie dragon.) The latest claim in Science is based on the apparent presence of “quill knobs” on the radius bone of a specimen found in Mongolia. In their “Brevia” article, the authors claimed this is direct evidence that the dinosaur had quilled feathers. Other science reporters took up the claim without a flap, among them Science Daily, the BBC News and National Geographic News, which may feel some relief after its Archaeoraptor embarrassment (11/21/2002, 09/27/2000).1Alan H. Turner, Peter J. Makovicky, Mark A. Norell, “Feather Quill Knobs in the Dinosaur Velociraptor,” Science, 21 September 2007: Vol. 317. no. 5845, p. 1721, DOI: 10.1126/science.1145076.Since nobody else seems to be asking the hard questions, let’s take a look at this claim. The paper and its photos do not appear convincing to a skeptical eye. Consider these points:The evidence is circumstantial, not definitive.The claim came from one bone, not from multiple samples of Velociraptor. The first thing they should have done was examine other specimens.No feathers or feather imprints were found (see 09/06/2007, footnote 2).There were only 6 of the structures, and they looked like dimples, not knobs.The dimples followed a curve, not a straight line as on the vulture bone shown for comparison.The putative quill knobs were in the middle third of the bone but did not continue to the right or left; why would an arm have only six feathers in the middle of the arm? The vulture bone showed the knobs all the way along the bone.They did not show similar knobs on the other arm, or on any of the other parts of the skeleton.Not all birds have quill knobs. Eagles, for instance, do not. The authors admit that lack of the knobs is not evidence for lack of feathers, but argue that presence of knobs is direct evidence for feathers. This is an argument from silence, because there might have been non-feathered animals with knobs. Their ending statement, therefore, is unsupportable: “Whether this feature represents retention of an ancestral function or the cooption for other purposes, the presence of quilled feathers on the posterior of the arms in a medium-sized derived, clearly nonvolant dromaeosaur can now be established.”These structures might have had a different function than supporting feathers.Velociraptor had no use for feathers. The authors admit that the skeleton of the creature did not allow it to fly; the arms are too short to serve as wings.The authors could only speculate what feathers would be used for: perhaps sexual display or downward lift while running. For this they referred to Ken Dial’s ridiculous hypothesis about the origin of flight (see 05/01/2006, 12/22/2003, 01/16/2003).The paper claims that Velociraptor descended from more bird-like feathered dinosaurs that might have been capable of flight. Not only is there no evidence for this, it would represent devolution, not evolution.Feathers are very different from scales. The existence of pits along an arm bone falls far short of explaining how complex feathers could have evolved. The authors said, “This report of secondaries in a larger-bodied, derived, and clearly flightless member of a nonavian theropod clade represented by feathered relatives is a substantial contribution to our knowledge of the evolution of feathers.” Such a claim vastly oversteps the evidence.The introduction said, “Some nonavian theropod dinosaurs were at least partially covered in feathers or filamentous protofeathers.” But the reference was to a paper by one of the coauthors, not to an independent source. It would have been a more solid argument to cite a critic of dinosaur-to-bird evolution as a hostile witness.They said “We present direct evidence of feathers” but did not show any feathers! The evidence, therefore, was indirect.Quill knobs are usually indicative of secondary feathers, i.e., those with vanes and barbs used for flight. None of the other “feathered dinosaur” candidates have advanced feathers like this, unless they were arguably true birds.The bone was found in isolation and “possesses several characteristics” of Velociraptor. This allows for the possibility this bone was misclassified.This claim cannot be taken in isolation from the other controversies about dinosaur-to-bird evolution (see 09/06/2007 and its embedded links to previous entries; see also the four Dinosaur chain links in the Oct. 2005 page).Paleontologists with more experience, with access to this bone, will need to weigh in on this claim. But even if definitive evidence were to be established for feathered Velociraptors, what would this mean for creationists? Nothing. It would mean that extinct creatures were more varied than previously thought. Some birds and reptiles had teeth, and some did not. Some birds and reptiles flew, and some did not. Some birds and reptiles had different numbers of toes. The morphological differences within class Aves and within class Reptilia is enormous even today (picture ostrich vs hummingbird, alligator vs turtle). The diversity was even much more so in the past. Creationists allow for a Designer who could use His designed structures where needed. There are many other cases where common structures are found in different groups; evolutionists explain them away with their miracle phrase, “convergent evolution.” Feathering would just add one more example. Feathered Velociraptors would also mean that the scientists were wrong, and the animators of Jurassic Park were wrong. It would not establish a link between dinosaurs and birds, because this creature was not on the line leading to birds. Even the authors admitted that the Velociraptor lineage must have been in the process of losing its feathers (if these members indeed had any), while the ancestors (according to the story) would have had functioning feathers, with no ancestors before that showing how the feathers evolved. Evolutionists are in a frantic campaign to support their theory. That’s why this circumstantial evidence is getting so much press. But at best, it’s merely another argument from homology. As Jonathan Wells pointed out so well in his book Icons of Evolution, homology does not prove evolution; it can just as well support common design. Give them all the feathered dinosaurs they want; it will not prove that one kind of animal evolved into another kind. Until then, we’d like to see a lot better evidence than this one bone. Notice one other thing about scientific papers in this vein. Its authors referenced Ken Dial’s absurd just-so story suggesting that flight evolved when baby dinosaurs held out their arms as stabilizers while running uphill. These guys used Dial’s paper for support rather than laughing at it as they should have. This would be a good time to re-read the entry from 03/17/2006, in which a team of social scientists demonstrated that scientific papers can actually perpetuate false ideas rather than build up knowledge. On the History Channel tonight, a documentary was shown that illustrates how vastly different interpretations can come from the same evidence. A 2005 program about dragons was rerun. It acknowledged that dragon legends exist worldwide, crossing all cultures around the world: Maya, Chinese, American Indian, European. The similarities between these legends is striking. Also, each culture believed that these creatures really existed, and some claimed that they were witnessed in recent times. How is this to be explained? Creationists have used these facts to support the idea that humans and dinosaurs coexisted till recent times, and the memory of the awesome beasts was perpetuated in dragon legends. The secular TV program admitted that dragons bear striking resemblances to dinosaurs, but it put forth a completely different explanation. Assuming in advance that the existence of humans and dinosaurs was impossible, the commentators made up explanations out of thin air: for instance, that humans are hard-wired to imagine dragons in their evolved brains, such that instinctive fear of predators (eagles, snakes and lions) combined into one imaginary creature, the dragon. The program also suggested that primitive peoples found dinosaur bones in the ground and projected them into their mythology as large, fearsome monsters. “Instincts that kept our evolutionary ancestors from being eaten,” combined with the human capacity for vivid imagination, produced dragon myths around the world, independently, with striking similarities in many details. The program, as could be expected, claimed ownership of “science” as its superior alternative to any other explanation. This is not about science. It’s about the science of one world view arguing with the science of another. According to Dykstra’s Law, everyone is someone else’s weirdo. Creationists will surely laugh as hard at the evolutionary explanation as the evolutionists would about the creation alternative. This is not to say that all weirdos are equally weird, or that all weird ideas have equal validity, or that world views are arbitrary. It does illustrate, though, that evidence does not interpret itself. Presuppositions and biases cannot be avoided. They need to be acknowledged and can, to some degree, be kept under control by honesty and love of the truth. Claims about Velociraptor feathers need more control than we are seeing today.(Visited 66 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Google dominates Internet search and every month the lead seems to only grow. Last week Hitwise reported that Google’s market share grew to 64 percent — up 6 percentage points from last year, while Yahoo slipped slightly to 21.3 percent and Microsoft down to 9.2 percent.But there is no clear winner in the Enterprise Search market yet. Last week at the Gilbane conference in San Francisco, Microsoft group product manager for Enterprise Search Jared Spartaro was on stage alongside of Google product manager for Search Appliances Nitin Mangtani. Joking about the tight competition, Mangtani faked throwing a punch at Spartaro while on stage.Microsoft described three distinct environments and different Search market needs:Consumer/General SearchMiddle-Market with a combined General/Enterprise search needHigh-End Enterprise search like that needed for eDiscoveryEnterprise Search is different from Search on the Internet. Google’s famous PageRank algorithm just doesn’t work in that environment. While Google is the current leader in General Search, Microsoft says that they and Enterprise software companies like SAP and Oracle stand a better chance of winning in the other two categories.
Following instances of disruption while namaz (prayer) was being offered in open spaces in the National Capital Region over the past few days, Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar said on Sunday that it should be offered in mosques or ‘eidgahs’ instead of public places.“We are of the view that namaz should be offered at mosques or ‘eidgahs’… In case of shortage of space, it should be offered at a personal place. These are issues which should not be put for public display… It should be avoided at public places for the convenience of all,” he told journalists here.Mr. Khattar said directions had been issued to officials to take precautionary measures to ensure harmony. Some organisations had submitted complaints regarding namaz at public places, he added.Mr. Khattar said his government ensured law and order in the State so that the people could live peacefully. “…no criminal can escape after committing any crime.”The Chief Minister said Haryana Police Cadet Corps, on the lines of the National Cadet Corps, was being set up, involving students from Class XI to graduation.Mr. Khattar urged the Punjab government to join hands with Haryana to check wasteful flow of Ravi waters to Pakistan because of the unprecedented water crisis looming in both States.“I have written to Punjab Chief Minister Capt. Amarinder Singh to direct the officers concerned to take up the proposal in right earnest. Quoting from the letter, he said: “More and more blocks of Haryana and Punjab have anyway been slipping into the category of over-exploited blocks even as our hard-working farmers toil in the face of a stressed farm sector. I think the time has come when we must join hands in checking the wasteful flow of Ravi waters to Pakistan.”Khattar’s statementIn a late evening statement, Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar clarified that in his statement regarding offering Namaz at public places, he had never said anything regarding stopping anyone from offering Namaz.He said if anyone had any problem regarding offering Namaz at public places, he/she could inform the administration and the police. “It is the responsibility of the administration and police to maintain law and order and the state government is bound to maintain peace,” he added.PTI adds:Hindutva organisations have been trying to stop Friday prayers in Gurgaon over the last two weeks alleging that some people were trying to grab land in a bid to merge it with a mosque. There were disruptions caused at Wazirabad, Atul Kataria Chowk, Cyber Park, Bakhtawar Chowk and at South City, the police said.
Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. It was a painful loss but Adamson head coach Air Padda said her team is by all means not a pushover in the league.“We’re not a deadbeat team, if anyone says we are, we’re not a deadbeat team,” said Padda. “I was proud of our defense today, I thought our blocking was solid. There’s just a few things we need to work on and that is experience, game experience for our setter and that’s just coming to go with time.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesAdamson does lack the experience in the UAAP especially with the departure of Jema Galanza, Mylene Paat, and Fhen Emnas.The Lady Falcons’ roster is made up of seven rookies but has promising attacker in sophomore Chiara Permentilla and veteran leadership in fourth year opposite hitter Eli Soyud and fifth year Mary Joy Dacoron. “I think we’re inexperienced and that was one of the reasons why we lost, especially in the fifth set,” said Padda. “It’s always rough when you lose on the fifth set but everyone did not give up. I was so proud of them and that to me is what Adamson volleyball is about.”“There’s a lot of things we can take away from this to build on. I think that’s what our story is going to be this year, to keep building, keep improving.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting MOST READ PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town Caidic still got game ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netMANILA, Philippines—Adamson University saw its hopes go up sky high only for University of Santo Tomas bring it back down to the ground in the two teams’ first meeting on opening weekend of the UAAP Season 81 women’s volleyball tournament.The Lady Falcons came back from a two-set deficit only to falter in the fifth set as the Golden Tigresses took a 25-21, 25-21, 24-26, 24-26, 15-6 win Sunday at Mall of Asia Arena.ADVERTISEMENT View comments SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes LATEST STORIES Soyud was also a champion with De La Salle back in Season 78 when she was a rookie.The duo of Soyud and Dacoron, however, wasn’t able to offset the youth of the team against the Golden Tigresses especially in the fifth set when UST was able to show its composure.UST was able to get a 5-0 start in the final set and that was essentially the start of the Lady Falcons’ demise.What the Lady Falcons had going for them, though, was their blocking as they repeatedly denied UST star Cherry Rondina at the top albeit being a triple block.Adamson attempted a total of 86 blocks, 32 more than what UST had, and scored 12 points off of them.ADVERTISEMENT
A Triumph The cover story “A Moment Of Pride” (December 15) was marvellous and gave a very good account of the IX Asiad. When I read the article, it seemed as if that extravaganza was being staged before us.Aligarh Abbas Ali Mahdi It is a pity that the glitter of,A TriumphThe cover story “A Moment Of Pride” (December 15) was marvellous and gave a very good account of the IX Asiad. When I read the article, it seemed as if that extravaganza was being staged before us.Aligarh Abbas Ali MahdiIt is a pity that the glitter of the Games has thrown the real heroes – the athletes – into the shadows. All the limelight has been hogged by the organisers and the politicians. Delhi Rajiv HandaThe caption for one of the photographs was wrong. The dance was the Holi dance of Uttar Pradesh, not Rajasthan. New Delhi Dr Ratish ChandraThe articles on the Asiad were matched only by the photographs. For this effort the entire team of journalists and photographers deserve a gold. Bulsar M. RajuAfter watching the opening ceremony on TV, I was convinced that the money spent on the IX Asiad was well worth it. Bangalore D. Bharat KumarIt was only appropriate that Bhajan Lal should have been chosen to award the gymnastics medals. After all, he is our champion in floor-exercises. Kanpur P.P. SahThe Asiad will definitely give a great boost to the morale of all sportsmen and women in the country. Hyderabad J. Sesha SaiIndian women have indeed done us proud! The number of medals won by them prove conclusively that Indian sportswomen have come into their own. Hassan S.P. Raman Nothing during the Games, not our poor performance in wrestling or athletics or swimming, can compare with the hockey debacle. It is the thing that symbolises our low standing in the world of sport as this game has been our traditional forte. I think the IHF should resign en masse and an entirely new team should be trained. New Delhi N. KapoorMedal HopesAs an athlete and a sports enthusiast, must say that the articles on the IX Asiad (November 30) were the best done by any magazine. Everything I wanted to know about the Asiad was there”. Madras Prafulla BhatnagarThough no one can deny the magnitude of the feat accomplished by the Government in completing the stadia and all the other arrangements and putting on a show we can all be proud of, I must say that one look at a drought-stricken state, like Bihar, is enough to take all the colour off the show. Patna Sanjay JainIn the box article on hockey (“Clash Of The Giants”) I read that our team prayed at a temple, a mosque, a gurudwara and a church before the Games. Isn’t it a classic case of all pray and no work makes Jack a dull boy? Bombay D.M. NadkarniWith uncanny precision the predictions made in the story have been coming right, India Today has outdone even the sports magazines in this. What better tribute to the research that must have gone into these articles? Bhopal Sunil MalhotraExposing CorruptionIt is indeed heartening that India today has won the case against Charanjit Singh – it is not just your victory but one of the press as a whole. It is also heartening to see that the article on “The Meridien Controversy” (December 15) did not hesitate in exposing corruption at the highest levels. New Delhi V. SagarGripping IssueThe November 30 issue was wonderful. I was able to read it from cover to cover and in every section there was an interesting article. Chandigarh Sukh Raj SinghThis issue was 100 per cent interesting. Right from the Asiad stories and Mrs Gandhi’s interview to “In Search Of Gandhi”, everything gripped the attention. I hope this tempo is maintained. Sonepur G. Puma RaoSoviet ConnectionThe article “Giving Amity A Chance” (November 30) deliberately played down the significance of General Zia-ul-Haq’s visit to India. While Pakistan’s military regime is constantly condemned, I see no mention made of the blatant Soviet expansionism in Afghanistan. The fact is that General Zia was on his way to ASEAN capitals; and there India is not welcome because of its constant toeing of the Soviet line. Kazipara M. SalauddinMisguidedIt was disheartening to read in “On The Horns Of A Dilemma” (November 30) how a small group of misguided Sikhs are trying to tear the country apart. Isn’t it strange that while the Akalis were in power they made no move to have their demands implemented and have remembered them only since they have been out of office? The only way they can be stopped is if the public, both Hindu and Sikh, launch an agitation against them. Ambala City Rajeshwar SharmaCandid InterviewIt was very pleasing to see this highly personalised interview with Indira Gandhi (“My Father Was Not My Mentor”, November 30). The interview testified to her sense of humour and more important, to her candour which I am sure cannot be equalled by any head of state. Srinagar Sanjay Raina QaziThe interview which meant to probe into Mrs Gandhi’s private life was pointless as such interviews invariably are. Truth becomes a casualty when you pry into the lives of most public figures and Mrs Gandhi, not known for speaking the truth at the best of times, proved this again. A case in point is what she says about her husband. If he meant all that she says he did, wouldn’t he have merited better treatment from her? Udipi Vinata RaoThis interview brought out clearly that no matter what the cynics call Mrs Gandhi, she is a multi-faceted person who has packed into one lifetime more than many can in several. Bangalore Sushma KrishnanWhen Mrs Gandhi says that she “did everything for my children”, she is definitely not making an idle boast.Samur A. Jalul advertisementadvertisementIt is a pity that the interviewer did not question Mrs Gandhi about the part of her personal life that hits the newspapers every other day – about her daughter-in-law? Calcutta A. GovindamAlthough the interviewer claims that her intention was to bring out the woman in Mrs Gandhi, her questions towards the end of the interview leave much to be desired. In fact one must compliment Mrs Gandhi for her patience in dealing with the inane questions on what clothes she wears, who chooses them and so on. Even a schoolgirl would have dealt with such questions with irritation and this is the prime minister. I think the magazine should brief their interviewers better. Bangalore Sheroo AnkesariaThe Iron CurtainLeonid Illych Brezhnev after ruling for 18 years has left behind a society which had to wait for a day to be told of his death (“Death Of A Titan”, November 30). What more can be said about the Soviet Union? Paramakudi G. ParthasarathyDo you think. President Reagan had a premonition that the man to succeed Brezhnev would be former head of the KGB and that is why he chose as his running mate a former chief of the CIA? Kathmandu Sanjay UpadhyaDismissed CrusaderThe dismissal of Arun Shourie (“An Affair To Remember”, November 3) is a great threat to free and fearless reporting. It is ironical that the reason why the Magsaysay Award was given to Shourie is also the reason why Ramnath Goenka got rid of him – because he reported with integrity the corruption that is eating into the fabric of our society. And the most unfortunate part is that Goenka, after so many years of standing for truth, has given in to pressure. Delhi Vijay Kumar AnandShourie’s dismissal proves that today no media organisation can afford to take on the Government. Has Goenka forgot- ten what he had once told a Calcutta weekly : “I am trying to get young people who have 20-30 years to go, like Arun, to carry on my tradition”? Obviously his plans aren’t worth the paper they were printed on. Patna Seema YadavThough Shourie’s ouster is an unpleasant shock to most of his readers, it is indeed heartening to know that here is a man who stuck to his guns to the end and did not compromise with his principles. Muktsar Ashwani KumarThough we have learnt not to judge the product by the advertising campaign, the one launched by the Express seemed fitting. But now with Shourie’s departure it has gone back to being what it says it is not – just another newspaper. Hyderabad Sunanda MenonI have cancelled my subscription to the Express not because of the individual Arun Shourie but because of what he symbolised and what this action of the proprietor symbolises. Baroda P.R.J. PradeepMultinationalsIn “Trade Windsr (November 30) it is mentioned that Indian Aluminium Co Ltd (INDAL) is a sister company of Mahindra & Mahindra. INDAL is part of the multinational company Aluminium Company of Canada and 56 per cent of the shares are held by it. Belgaum K.S. VenkateswaranCruelty To Elephants”Jumbo Jamboree” (November 30) lacked in nothing, except perhaps colour. Lingampally SunitaThe photo feature was a testimonial to the suffering the elephants underwent on the long journey across the length of the country. Bangalore K. Subhash KumarI write in protest of the cruelty meted out to the elephants. The torture and pain the elephants experienced can in no way be compensated by the spectacle they presented at the opening ceremony. Patiala Pravit SinghSikh InsecurityMy observation in this article that one of the major causes of Sikh insecurity in towns is a sign of modernization among Sikhs was not meant for urban Sikhs but for younger Sikhs in the rural areas or those who have recently migrated to towns. Urban Sikhs, on the other hand, are fairly strict in observing the rituals. I am convinced that the causes of insecurity among urban Sikhs are socio-economic in nature giving rise to stresses and strains, which is manifested in the form of religious conflict or heightened religious identities. The process of modernization has aggravated these strains. Amritsar M.S. DhamiGround For ControversyWe are grateful for the sympathetic treatment given to our problem in “Corridor Of Controversy” (November 15). But I would like to draw your attention to the map used along with the article which does not show the present topographical position of the area. The Indian territory shown in the map just opposite Dahagram and Kuchlibari Anchal on the right bank of the river Teesta and known as Jharsigheswar has long since been eroded except for a tiny piece of land. This is evident from the accompanying map. Cooch Behar Sukumar Sen Gupta, President, Kuchlibari Sangram Samiti.Tortured UndertrialsThe article “Tortured To Death” (September 30) gives the impression that convicts and undertrials in Tamil Nadu are badly treated and that there is no control over police and prison authorities. May I point out that under the existing statutory provisions the death of an undertrial, remanded or convicted prisoner has to be enquired into by a revenue divisional officer (and by the personal assistant to the collector of Madras city) who is also a subdivisional magistrate? This report is forwarded to the collector and this with the collector’s remarks is submitted to the Government for careful scrutiny.Certain instances have been mentioned in the article. Magisterial enquiry has been conducted in all these cases and whenever necessary the state Criminal Investigation Department (CID) has also been asked to enquire into the cases. All the cases including those of Paramasivam’s and Gajendran”s were cleared by the Government after careful enquiry except for one – Krishnamurthy – who was a known criminal whose death resulted from an assault by an enraged mob.This was clearly established and the report that his case was entrusted to the CID after the collector decided that his death is not due to natural causes is incorrect and without basis. It is also surprising to note that the article said that he died at Vellore General Hospital when his death took place at C.M.C Hospital in Coimbatore.Where the Government has found that officials had not acted within the ambit of the law, it has not hesitated to take firm action. In the case of Thiru Manickam and Thiru Thantoni, the jail staff and the police are facing action. In the case of Thiru Paramasivam, too, while the death cannot be attributed to the police or the jail staff, disciplinary action is being taken against the jail staff for certain lapses. In the other cases no final decision has been taken.I am sure you will appreciate that in the light of the above this article is totally misleading and creates a false impression that the police and jail staff are running riot. Madras S.T. Kasirajan, Director of Information and Public Relations, Information, Tourism and Culture Department, Government of Tamil NaduThe story was based on information which was valid till August 31, 1982 when the correspondent visited the state. Till then the Government had not made up its mind on the death of the prisoners mentioned in this letter. Obviously the reports were finalised after the article was published. Moreover, Mr Kasirajan does not firmly state that all the deaths were due to natural causes. He only maintains that these deaths were not caused by the jail or police personnel.In the cases of Paramasivam and Gajendran Mr Kasirajan’s letter states that the inquiry has been completed, but he does not dispute the post-mortem report which is quoted in the story. As for Krishnamurthy, he died in police custody and the police instituted a case against him later.advertisement The letter also states that disciplinary action is being taken against the jail staff for certain lapses, but strangely, it maintains that even though Paramasivam did not die due to torture, disciplinary action is being taken against the jail staff. A case has already been filed in the Supreme Court and the verdict will establish the truth of the report. Editor